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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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\plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb4\sa0 \f1\fs20\pvpara\phcol\posnegx166\posnegy2038\absw0\absh-158\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\b\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs13 228}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1354\fi0\ri0\sb2016\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 STtfPAS & CITIES : HIS RELIGION}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li140\fi0\ri22\sb230\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 some fragments of bones was unearthed here. The inscription\super 1\nosupersub  on it furnishes us the interesting informa\-\expndtw3 tion that the \i Sttipa \i0 was constructed under the super\-\expndtw-3 vision of a Greek architect, named AgiSala or Agesilaos. Kaniska built a town near Taxila,\super 2\nosupersub  and Kanispor (Kanis-\expndtw-4 kapura), mentioned in the \i Hdjatarangmi, \i0 may also have \expndtw3 owed its foundation to him.\super 3}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li130\fi0\ri0\sb144\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 His Religion}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li54\fi544\ri0\sb158\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Coins do not afford any clear testimony regarding the religious beliefs of Kaniska. If they prove anything, \expndtw13 it is his eclecticism,\super 4\nosupersub  the tendency to honour a \expndtw2 strange medley of Greek, Mithraic, Zoroasttian, and Hindu gods. Onjiis coins, which, it may be incidental\-\expndtw6 ly \super n\nosupersub\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 t^j]^ra;giear tegCTsjn the"G?\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'b1\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 eekjBhabet only, \expndtw-2 there figure Heraldes., Seragis, the Sun^and'*ffirivKon \expndtw-6 under'tTielt"GSeEFrTames Helios and Selene, Miiro (Sun), \expndtw0 Athro (Fire), Nanaia, Siva, etc. Some rare pieces also \expndtw-2 depict the Buddha (Boddo), seated in the "Indian fashion,' \expndtw11 or standing dad probably in "GreeF"costumeTT)n \expndtw2 the _ other hand, [Buddhist authors strongly affirm \expndtw1 Kaniska's faith in trie Buddha.) They aver that in his \expndtw-2 unregenerate days Kaniska revelled, like Asoka, in cruel and impious acts, and he embraced the religion of the \expndtw-3 Sakyamuni owing to feelings of profound remorse for his \expndtw4 past misdeeds. No doubt, the main purpose of such \expndtw-2 stories is to emphasise the ennobling influence of Buddh\-\expndtw-1 ism, which could turn base metal into shining gold, but that is no argument for disbelieving the fact of Kaniska's \expndtw7 con version./His enshrinement of the Buddha's relics}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li421\fi0\ri374\sb234\sa0\sl-194\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 *See Sten Konow, C.I.I., II, pt. I, no. LXXII, p. 137. \super\expndtw3 3\nosupersub  Its remains are represented by Sir-Sukh.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi403\ri0\sb11\sa0\sl-194\slmult0\tx526 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 3{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw5 Some scholars think that it was founded by another Kaniska\line of the Ara inscription (see \i Infra\},}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi403\ri0\sb43\sa0\sl-176\slmult0\tx526 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 4{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw8 Or, are we to conclude that these deities on coins only in\-\line \expndtw10 dicate the various forms of faiths prevailing in Kaniska's   vast\line \expndtw1 empire ?}\par }